III – Electrons to Stars

Electrons to Stars

3.1 – Contacts and Connections of Electrons,
3.2 -The Gravitational Clouds,
3,3 -Material and Objects of Space,
3.3, a – Prematter, 3.3, b – Nanoscience & Biology, 3.3, c – Atoms,
3.4 – Magnism
3.5 – Rays & Thermic Agitation, 3.6 – Creation of Space Objects
3.6, a – Observations of Space
3.6, b – Galaxies, 3.7 – Life Cycle of an Electron

November 2017

3.1 – Contacts and Electrons Bonds

In the previous chapter, we have seen that the only two possible actions by electrons, everywhere in space and matter of objects, are:
– a change in their movements,
– or their bonds with another.
In this chapter, we are interested in electron bonds.

Contacts of free electron, or already participating in compounds, sometimes give rise randomly to bonds which modify compounds or create new ones.
Without consciousness in the Universe, these actions can neither be programmed nor commanded; they must be automatic.
They are then always carried out, according to precise modalities, which depend neither on the circumstances nor the preceding phenomena, but only on their qualities and the strict rules of operation which always oblige to the same precise actions, in all the situations.
These actions are always realized at the primordial level, since the electrons are the only primordial elements and therefore the only ones to act.
It should be remembered that the electron is a particle that measures 10-18 meter in radius and that the average atom, would measure 10-10 meter, according to its current definition that could be reviewed.

The properties of electrons, free or already combined with others, are never changed.
A free compound or atomic nucleus, consisting of two, two hundred or two hundred thousand electrons, retains all the characteristics of its electrons.
Electrons are never fused: their masses are not confused. The quanta of matter remains always individualized in all the bodies they form.

The vibrations of the electrons correspond to the instantaneous movements of volume modification. Because of these vibrations, they do not bind easily to each other.
To do this, they must be forced to stay together after their contacts or to vibrate at the same time.
This phenomenon is not yet well understood.
The best mode of connection would be a physical entanglement, which is the state of things closely entangled. If the movements of the electrons « contiguous » occur at the proper moment of their vibrations, a connection is realized.
We do not yet fully understand these bonds of elements that vibrate instantly and can form seemingly « solid » bodies.
This phenomenon occurs only during contacts of a certain quality.

The precise stage of the movement of electrons during contact is always uncertain and the conditions permitting relations are infrequent, at least in the matter we know on our planet.

It is always the electrons that carry out the actions, in the free space of objects of the Universe and in the matters of objects.
On Earth, these actions are said to be electrical, electricity being the physical phenomenon of connections, while electrons do not contain any force or « energy » that would be responsible for carrying out this action.
In these matters, « useful » contacts of the electrons already combined with others are not easily realized because the displacements are slower and all the contacts are not followed by links.
This is what we explained hysteresis in chapter I

Because of their vibrations, the electrons constantly keep a ball shape, with variable diameter, maximum or minimum.
The state of the electrons conditions their bonds.
Each electron accepts only a small number of bonds, because they are spherical, and of the same average volume, despite variations due to vibrations.
Since Kepler and Gregory, in the seventeenth century, many physicists and market gardeners have been interested in the volume of stacks of oranges in stalls …
The figure to remember for oranges and electrons that can touch is 12, around a thirteenth, with some margins due to citrus wilting or changes in volume and electron bonds.
Each electron can not be surrounded, and intricated securely, by more than 12 others, whatever the situation.

Binding would be reversible from a certain temperature of the environment and the created matter. We will see it with the study of the stars.

When action is possible, it is always realized. No conscious device or program exists in the Universe, which could delay or prevent it.
A new action can take place immediately after, but it is absolutely not related to the previous one. No compound, free or participating in any other object of any kind, can return to an action to restore the previous situation. The new modifications are other links that enlarge the compound or associate it with another.

During their bonds, bound electrons to apparently form only one object, alter the disposition of the other electrons in the Aether and risk creating a void that is not permissible.
In this zone, the Ether electrons continue to vibrate and position themselves relative to each other, creating a permanent « entropisation », this phenomenon being the unconscious search for maximum entropy.

It’s gravity.

That boils down to the natural behavior of all the free electrons and small compounds of the Aether, both in space globally, and in the different zones or compounds or objects of this space.
We explained it in Chapter I.
It completely replaces the gravitational pull of the masses, challenging Einstein’s theory of relativity, which is beginning to be accepted by physicists.

3.2 – Gravitational Clouds

In the space of objects, a particle, or any other body that moves, can meet an electron, free or already participating in a compound. There is connection or new displacement.
If there is new displacement, the rays can:

– Either stay inside the compound, immediately meeting other elements. They become more important, increasing their mass and gravity. This is the typical development of stars from a certain level of thermic agitation.

– Either go out into the so-called free space with less rapid contacts with other particles and compounds. They react as everywhere else, by reference or binding, modifying compounds and creating new radiation particles and small objects related to each other.

Around the base compound, an accumulation of small compounds, which form one or more fluctuating clouds, is created. Depending on their composition and the environment, some of these compounds may take a big development.
This compound and its clouds are separated, or considered as such, only by the fact that they form different objects.
This separation could form a quasi-envelope, like a natural limit created by the rays tangent to one or the other object.
This explains the limits of space objects in each other, from atoms to stars, galaxies and other structures.
And that these limits are irregular and perpetually shifting.

Thse limits are never impassable. In the interstellar space of galaxies, and in space, called vacuum of object, between galaxies, can be found electrons and more or less important compounds, possible bases of new objects, stars and galaxies.
Can also move so-called cosmic rays, X or gamma.

There is never any « smoothing » of these limits; the particles, radiations, which move between the objects, bind with others where they are, at random, without taking into account the forms of the existing « limits ».
In these areas, physicists, researchers and technicians in nanosciences and techniques, face difficulties that lead them to think that atoms, and other compounds, are of very different shapes and actions of ball compounds, as they are. thought in physics for a century or much longer.

The outer cloud of a compound diminishes and almost disappears with distance. As long as it exists, it remains attached to the basic body, according to their respective masses and the activity of the radiation, corresponding to the thermic agitation. It is maintained and constantly renewed by the rays which come from the basic compound and normal particles of space, coming from various objects more or less distant.

This cloud can be described as gravitic.

Gravitic clouds vary with the average temperature of the surrounding environment.
All the great bodies of space, galaxies and their clusters, are surrounded by atmospheres that are their gravitic clouds and are always linked to the main body with their fluctuating boundaries that depend on the density of the environment.

These atmospheres are formed of particles and various compounds, elements coming from the main objects and varying with evolutions and actions in the main objects near or far.
They are of great importance in the shape of the orbits of the planets around their star, and in that of the galaxies, which we study below.

Depending on the objects and circumstances, especially the level of thermic agitation, the gravitic clouds, even small objects, can interpenetrate and merge into each other, resulting in more or less strong links between them. objects that form clouds.

These are the gravitic bonds.

They concern all bodies, compounds and objects, as, for example, the accretion of elements in the nebulae to form stars and other objects, the fusions of galaxies and, at our level in the matter of our planet, the small ones. compounds of electrons, atoms and the formation of very many molecules and clumps or conglomerates of different materials.

In some cases, gravitic bonding may facilitate electron bonds of compounds from these gravitic clouds.
This is the principle of catalysis: two compounds, which naturally come together with difficulty, can bind « gravitally », at the same time, to another; they are so close enough that electrons can bind. Nothing changes for the « catalyst » which remains gravitarily bound to the new compound formed from the two previous ones. This phenomenon, which we, living beings, use voluntarily, could be of very common application, in the natural modifications of all the compounds of the matter of the objects of space.

3,3 – Matter and Space Objects

3.3, a – Prematter

All the above studies lead us to the creation of objects of galaxies, stars and planets, by grouping comps-objects, of very different sizes, that exist in nebulae.
They are created there, from the free electrons of Aether and those of the deconstituted matter of the remains of the dead stars, as we explain it for the formation of the compounds of electrons, with their gravitic clouds more or less related to each other..
This could correspond to the current theories of astronomy, which explain that the objects of the solar system, Sun, Earth and various planets and asteroids, are formed by accession of objects in the nebulae. These objects would be similar materials that do not seem to have changed since 4.8 billion years, the date chosen for their creation.
But that poses many questions.

It took a number of billions of years to create compound-objects that «accrate » to form the solar system.

In all galaxies, stars are objects very different from each other, in dimensions and other qualities. It takes a lot of time to build them by grouping compounds as they evolve. Probably several tens of billions of years for some, even if very many compounds are created at the same time with the remains of dead stars, scattered in very large areas of nebulae and dark clouds. So, our Sun would not be 5 billion years old but 15 to 20. The Earth too.

– Their current state is the result of a continuous evolution, as well for the stars as for the other objects of the space, with variations according to their qualities and those of the environment.

– Evolution has certainly continued for the last four or five billion years, explaining significant variations in the Earth’s history.

In conclusion, prematter does not exist, but we come to the necessity of completely revising the current theories of astronomy, with regard to the creation of the objects of space.

3.3, b – Nanosciences and Biology

In nanoscience, technicians, engineers and researchers know how to handle the materials they need, particularly in electricity, electronics and biology. It is their observations that give us many indications about the qualities and functioning of the materials.

For the first time in the history of matter physics, the ideas of physicists are beginning to change:
A « collaboration » between Cornell High Energy Source Synchrotron (CHESS) and material scientists, states that « the actual structure of matter is much more complicated than when they (atoms) were treated as small spheres ». April 2014 information.

In biology, researchers are familiar with the proteins that are the main components of living matter. They describe them as compounds of atoms and molecules of very varied forms, mainly in flexible and multiple ribbon nested or folded on themselves, able to be modified permanently by the replacement of small elements, changing its qualities and actions in cells.
The free electrons would be sphere-shaped because of their operation.
But from the first connections, in space or matter, at the temperature of our planet, without particular pressure, the compounds have very varied forms, comparable to certain proteins of living beings.

The atoms, molecules and all compounds forming the materials, would consist of elements in the form of ropes and ribbons. more or less superlied, doubled or repacked on themselves as the proteins of living matter.

3,3, c – Atoms

For the study of the matter of the objects of space, we must return to atoms.

For 2000 years, atoms have never been questioned in the composition of the material of our planet, stars and all other objects of space.
But we have known for a long time that they are scored, of the same form, and of very varied qualities. Physicists can not see them, chemists know how to use them, and theorists have given them forms and behaviors that are difficult to understand.

All phenomena, explained in the first paragraphs of this chapter, exist for all compounds, including the atom.
In Electronisme, the atom is a normal compound of electrons, with the quality, for us living beings, of appearing to us to be almost directly sensitive, because of its dimensions and the capacities of our current tools of observation.
It would be composed – according to the generally accepted model – of a nucleus of protons and neutrons, surrounded by gravitic clouds formed of numerous electron compounds.

The protons could be among the earliest compounds of free electrons of the Aether, in the shape of a ball, constituted, with the help of the quantum effect, of a precise number of electrons, which, according to their mass, would be close to 1,836.

In nebulae and dark clouds, and only in these areas or similar, several protons would be « fused » to form nuclei of atoms.

The gravitic clouds of the constituents of the nucleus are relatively bulky and « heavy », because of the large number of electrons constituting them.
They thus fill a large volume of the space around the nuclei, with chains or ribbons of electrons, more or less superlated because of the variable thermuc agitation, without changing, to a certain extent, the quality of the atoms in formation or already formed.
They keep connections, more or less long, direct with the constituents of the nucleus.

Atoms are therefore of excessively varied forms, giving them their qualities.
These structures force them to have relatively precise connections with others of the same qualities, then others that are different in order to explain the molecules for various materials.
These forms of atoms and all other compounds are beginning to be recognized by researchers, particularly in nanoscience.

Magnism, explained in the following paragraph, could have a great importance in the creation of atoms, molecules and complementary compounds, which are formed in the voids of the principal compounds.

In the objects of space, as long as the thermic agitation is weak enough not to transform matter into plasma, atoms and all other electron compounds of a certain mass are surrounded by gravitic clouds.

Gravitic clouds of nearby atoms can combine, forming different molecules of similar or different atoms, more or less stable under very specific conditions, which are still poorly understood and which probably depend on disturbances of the internal space of gravitic clouds.

The bonds of the atoms between them, similar or not, are always made by their nuclei. This entails the more or less complete interpenetration of their gravitic clouds.
These bonds are reversible with the increase in thermic agitation, the level of which can accelerate or slow material transformation operations, such as in catalysis, explosions or the creation of heat.
It is a phenomenon comparable to the transfer of information in the nervous systems of living beings.
This confirms that everything works the same way, in living materials and minerals.

Much remains to be explained following the theories of the last century, marked by the theory of relativity, mathematics and quantum physics

3,4 – Magnism

We have seen that the gravity and radiation of constituents of compounds and zones of matter create a quasi-envelope around all objects and matters, at different levels.
They can touch each other, forming larger bodies or being separated from others by a larger or smaller space.
These spaces can be disturbed by rays coming from objects. The observations are often difficult, to know the origin of the radiations or the reasons and results of the actions.
Scientists have always considered them as electrical, magnetic or electromagnetic phenomena, and Maxwell in the nineteenth century theorized them with mathematical equations, which explain nothing.

The theory of Electronisme states that there is never an attraction of an electron or any other element by another.
Magnetism, which would be this phenomenon, does not exist.
The magnetic rocks and the magnetization we find on Earth are not yet explained.
A recent study of Australian researchers leads us to think that the phenomena they discovered could guide our study of magnetism. They explain that radiation in the atmosphere, near objects, could lead to light particles, then considered attracted by others.
Their theory may be supplemented by recent observations, and particularly by the fact that the attractions or repulsions of objects always concern only light elements of very varied material, over short distances, in the atmosphere.

Currently, researchers are discovering that these phenomena are not limited to the objects we perceive directly. Within objects, materials are created by many different bodies, with their gravitic clouds more or less entangled, and other compounds that creep into the gaps between these clouds.
There are thus very many areas, more or less visible between materials and objects with surface manifestations and interfaces within all objects, quite similar to those we easily observe outside.

We call Magnism all the manifestations of matter in these boundary zones between all compounds and objects. Many are not directly sensitive to us and reinforce the randomness of all the functions of electrons in matter and objects.
These are mainly the following events:
– Adhesions, surface tension and capillarity.
– « Static electricity » and all other electrical and electronic phenomena, studied with semiconductors and superconductivity.

Current research in nanosciences and techniques makes us discover certain peculiarities that are of great importance in the realization of artificial phenomena necessary for our activities as living beings on Earth.

The «magnic» zone of the Earth, and other planets and stars, corresponds to the limits of the atmosphere, with particular regions such as:
– The limit of the winds of the Earth in those of our star, which creates a belt that we, living beings, consider as protection against certain cosmic rays.
– The areas between the atmosphere and the outer materials of our globe, especially the maritime and mountainous areas, with consequences on meteorological observations and the use of compasses and compass for navigation.
– The creation of clouds, tornadoes and cyclones, dry and wet.
– The possible influence of particle winds from objects, galaxies and other structures.

Thus it would be explained that the stars and their planets and all other objects of space would be organized into galaxies and other clusters by the actions of gravity as explained in our theory.
And we could attribute to magnism the maintenance and evolution of these structures.

3.5 – Rays and Thermic Agitation

In some cases, compounds or areas of matter may be relatively well delineated with particular actions. It is that of the disturbances of the disposition of electrons of the Aether, in the space of the compounds and that of their gritic clouds.
We study it in detail in the following chapter IV, concerning more particularly the light and the quantum effect.

We have seen that when the electrons bind together and form compounds, there is a disruption of the electron disposition of the Aether, which could create a vacuum in space. By the normal functioning of their vibrations, the electrons prevent its formation,

These disturbances and entropisation thus create rays that transport to the end of the delimited space of the phenomenon, compounds that can create masses of « homogeneous » materials, by Quantum Effect. See chapter IV.

In certain areas of space, the formation of compounds or their enlargement, creates more possibilities of contact between the elements with consequences:
– Either more links between electrons,
– Or new displacements of compounds which are therefore radiation whose number is increased.
This is a local increase in thermic agitation, a phenomenon that is maintained and amplified on its own, leading to an increase in the frequency of occurrence of all events.
Internal links may vary with the quality of the contacts. The vibrations of the compounds can be modified.
Thus thermic agitation, which we perceive as heat, can vary greatly from one compound, matter or object to another, without being bound by appearances of volume or other criteria of comparison.

If there is a return of the electrons that meet, the body apparently moves like a ray whose quality is that of this body itself.
Thus the rays are differentiated by their own qualities and by those of the medium, where they meet various objects more or less numerous.
The free electrons move at the speed prompted by that of their vibration, which we know instantaneous.
The other bodies, primo compounds, and all the more important objects, form rays of very different qualities, according to the action of their vibrations within the compound. Some movements can be neutralized; they thus reduce the power of external actions, while the actions on each other are increased inside the compound.

Below, we report that Comet Tchouri’s material is lighter and less dense than that of our planet. As if the « condensation » of the material, as we explain it here, had been stopped, probably because of a too low temperature of the environment. While the matter of the Earth, and other objects of similar importance, would have continued to condense and incorporate Aether electrons for billions years.
This difference between the materials of Tchouri and the Earth also confirms slow and permanent transformations inside the objects, with an increase in the gravity and the very quality of the materials. For bulky objects, this can take a very long time. On Earth and for our normal use of syntheses and other chemical phenomena, events are slower but exist continuously at our levels and durations of observation.

These are mainly:
– Earth, the only object of space that we can touch and observe in detail. It is a telluric planet, created exactly like all the other objects of space, with peculiarities due to its size and environment, including space temperature.

Stars and all similar objects, « visible » or not, in their galaxies and other structures, created exactly like our planet, but in different conditions of size and environment.

The nebulae and dark clouds or not, more or less visible, existing in all the galaxies, and elsewhere, since the beginning of the Universe, it is almost an eternity. Recent observations – early 2017 – show very large clouds, visible or not, in all galaxies.

3.6 – Creation of Space Objects

3.6, a – Observations of Space

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, new observations with ever improved procedures allow us to see more and more differently certain structures and objects of space, questioning the previous theories.
Since 2015, especially, even the big bang and the expansion of Universe are questioned by some physicists, which could lead to a very different way of seeing the Universe and physics.

Astronomers in 2014 discovered that our Milky Way is part of an important structure called Laniakea. At the same time, they realize that problems of gravitational pull, or gravity, within such a system could change the perception of the expansion of space.
This would be confirmed by other observations. A team of researchers, led by astronomers from the Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, observed that the small satellite galaxies around the « big » ones move as in rotating disks. We interpret them as the zones of stellar winds that influence each other in galaxies.

Already in 2013, it was reported that the Andromeda galaxy was surrounded by a disk formed by a multitude of small dwarf galaxies. This extremely flattened structure extends over a million light-years and seems to revolve around the galaxy.
Important technical commentary indicated that « Newton’s gravitational attraction and Einstein’s theory of relativity may not be accurate ».

3.6, b – The Galaxies

The gravitic clouds of objects could also explain that the orbits of the planets around the Sun are all in the same plane, which was discovered in 2008.
Particle winds, around stars and planets, correspond to their gravitic clouds which we explain above. We can think that the orbital plane of a planet around a star causes the other planets in the same system.
The shape of galaxies could depend on the same phenomena.
The volume of the stars’ winds is constantly changing according to contacts more or less marked with those of objects near or far in their galaxies.
It is very understandable that the stellar winds develop further in the area of ​​the diameter of the faster rotation of the stars, and the accumulation of all these flat atmospheres creates similar galaxies with outgrowths formed by additional stars that agglomerated in them. different orientations.
Disturbances in the internal space of different atmospheres could make objects even more difficult to understand.

Recent astronomical observations, in the intergalactic space, show more or less structured light clouds, forming the WHIM, – acronym for English words meaning High Temperature Intergalactic Environment -. They would consist of small scattered elements created from the electrons of the Aether, in non-galaxy areas.
They would form objects, called orphans and would be the beginning of new galaxies.
Most of the material objects observed in space is formed from the atoms created in the deconstructed remains of dead stars. This would correspond to the permanent creation, and logic in our theory, of new objects anywhere in space.
These « first » objects would have a relatively short life because their atoms would be created only with the electrons of Aether and not in the remains of dead stars.

3.7 – Life Cycle of an Electron

By accident – called singularity in physics – free Aether electrons bind, form various bodies, and create stars and planets, then other objects that are often invisible to us. After several billion, or tens of billions, years, all these objects in their galaxies, come to an end. They are then scattered in free electrons again, in huge nebulae and dark clouds.

It is an endless cycle of indestructible electrons.

We will tell a possible story, despite all the unknowns of what we do not see and understand yet.

We begin the description in a nebula.

There are many in all galaxies, and probably also outside. They are huge cloudy areas, with shifting boundaries, more or less transparent and difficult to observe because they are visible only under very specific conditions related to their evolution.
Observations also depend on the quality of our vision and additional observations material.
These nebulae are usually composed of remnants of stars and other objects of space, in the form of bodies that are visible to us only when sufficient activity develops, that is to say that small compounds bind between them. Many areas are not visible to us and are mists or clouds of matter called dark or black.

Nebulae are all different from each other and contain matter in the form of small compounds considered as « dust and gas ». These terms do not correspond to what we know on Earth where they are ill-defined elements of varied subjects.
In some areas, the temperature increases, following a few more links of various compounds. Everything is still very scattered, but objects form and move, increasing the links.
At the death of the stars, much, if not all, of their material breaks up into free electrons and, immediately, protons are formed that create nuclei of atoms and many free protons considered as hydrogen atoms. .
Radioactive materials, easily fissile, could be formed too. They are the basis of phenomena that we study below, water (5.2, d) and so-called nuclear energy (5.3), in chapter V.
After their formation, masses of these materials are scattered in the objects in formation. This was the case for our Sun, its planets and other objects.

All objects depend for a long time on the temperature of the created matter and the space of the galaxy.

After the formation of the first objects, the accretions of other bodies continue. The encounters of compounds of different sizes, moving in different directions, cause the rotation of some of them. Internal gravity increases by a continual sequence of bonds of various compounds.
All these actions are carried out according to the size of the elements and the external temperature which can stop the phenomena or on the contrary accelerate them.

We thus have different categories of objects because their formation was stopped after times varying with the importance of the objects and the temperature of the environment:
– Asteroids, comets with very different forms and a material whose evolution has stopped rapidly,
– Generally spherical planets,
– Stars whose volume is much larger than that of previous objects; their evolution depends on the matter of which they are formed.

In the stars, these materials and their compounds continue groupings with bonding electrons creating at the same time an increase in thermic agitation.
In a first step, depending on the materials, the thermic agitation destroys the bonds of the electrons while forming new compounds, which creates a new increase of the thermic agitation.
The heat increases further and all the materials are transformed into plasma which becomes the non-matter of the whole object. In billions years, free elements of the atmosphere of these stars create new compounds that further increase thermic agitation.
Rays arrive from the bright stars during their main sequence. We only « see » the outer part that hides everything that happens inside where the temperature is much higher. The thermic agitation increases continuously with the frequency of the electron bonds. At a certain level, our vision tools no longer allow us to see them. The stars have become invisible, black holes for us.

These black holes are objects in which electron bonds and temperature continue to increase normally. They can become very important and the density has become very strong. The compounds can no longer move. There are no more electron bonds and therefore no more increase in thermic agitation.
They can hide other objects and grow by absorbing free electrons from space and stellar winds from other objects in the galaxy.
It is then the real death of the star become black hole.
With the reduction of the electron bonds, the temperature decreases and, at a certain level, the star reappears to us, huge and very bright. It is a quasar or other similar object that will evolve until we are invisible again, foeming into dark matter, dark clouds, whose compounds are disintegrated in unincorporated matter and form or grow an invisible but present nebula.
This lasts a very long time, billions or tens of billions years, during which the materials continue to change or break up little by little by the action of the vibrations of the electrons.
They scatter in dark clouds, at the same time that the electrons and nuclei of atoms begin to reform compounds that become visible.
This is the evaporation observed by Stephen Hawking.

Then « life » resumes when the deconstituted matter of the remains of dead stars begin to create protons again. Clouds of dark matter then appear to us as nebulae of different colors according to the rapidity of their evolution.
Before this period of life, nebulae could be sensitive to us by « radio » waves at lower frequencies than for light. They could explain « background noises of space », instead of the cosmic microwave background.

And so are new stars coming back!

The life cycle of an electron is complete. Another begins …

© – PhDardel – Updated November 2017