Chapter IV – Space’ Waves, Light, …

Disturbances of space create waves for living beings and give them light, images and other phenomena, with displacement of information in the ether of space and internal spaces of compounds, structures and organisms.

IV – Space’ Waves, light, more …
4.1 – Disturbances of electrons in the Ether of Space,
4.2 – Independence of Disturbances,
4.3 – Waves from space, 4,4 – Their Qualities,
4,5 – The Photon,
4,6 – Lighting, Images and Sight, 4,7 – Other Phenomena

4,1 – Electrons Disturbances in Space Ether

We saw in the previous chapters that, upon binding, electrons could not develop fully. The volume of a new compound is lower than the sum total of its aggregate components.

This causes various phenomena, some of which have been studied in chapter III, such as internal gravity, gravitic clouds and increased thermic agitation. A disturbance in the arrangement of electrons in the Ether of space does also take place. We quickly studied in the previous chapter.
There is also creating a perturbation of the arrangement of the electrons of space Ether. We resume this phenomenon.

Reducing the volume of compounds with respect to individual components, could create a vacuum in space.
This vacuum is unacceptable and neighbouring electrons automatically change their movements – encouraged by their vibrations – to prevent this vacuum.
As soon as this volume reductions is on creating, in a specific place, neighbouring electrons are moving to this potentially empty place before it could become empty.
The elements of the environment, coming from all around, are too numerous and are pushed immediately towards the exterior.
Upon their departure, they had been replaced by electrons from all around. There is therefore very brief accumulation very short all around, a little further.
It is a perturbation of the electrons of the Ether of space.
The phenomenon is renewed without interruption and moves very rapidly to the end of the medium concerned, where it then lacks elements of the environment and the phenomenon stops.

If the phenomenon which gave birth to it is renewed, the perturbations follow one another. They can be of different frequencies, corresponding to those of the bonds of the electrons.
The frequency of disturbances corresponds exactly to that of the events that gave rise to them.
The whole phenomenon corresponds to a transport of information, in the whole of the space concerned.
The displacements, negative and « normal » of the perturbations, are realized at the speed of the movements of expansion of the vibrations of the electrons of the medium, everywhere, even in the materials of the objects of space, where ether electrons always exist .
This speed is therefore always the same in space.
We shall see later that it constitutes the speed of light.
We have seen in the preceding chapters that it is very rapid, corresponding to the instantaneous movements one after the other, which are differentiated only by the successive frequencies of the perturbations of the electrons.

These disturbances of the electrons of space, with their accumulation that is moving, are not visible to us, but ALL living beings feel them unconsciously. These are the waves that we explain later.

In ongoing studies on the behaviour of sound waves, teams of researchers in Paris, Bordeaux and Winnipeg in Canada were surprised by a phenomenon that had already been observed in 2001 in  what is usually called « electromagnetic » waves and « microwaves ». This phenomenon had not been explained.
In the researchers’ text, we read: « The material developed in Bordeaux provides, in addition, another remarkable property: the waves are progressing backwards. The sound, which is a sound wave, has its energy spreading  as it should from the source to the receiver, but the oscillations constitute it are propagated in opposite direction. Specialists call this « negative phase velocity ».

These observations could be a validation of our theory of disturbance waves in a given environment.
And, going further, of our whole theory of Électronisme.

4.2 – Independence of disturbances

We have seen in previous chapters, that according to the operating rules of electrons, all events in the Universe occur randomly and are not related to each other in any way. This is the case of the first entanglement of electrons into space to form disturbances.
These disturbances are all independent of each other. So are therefore the waves that we observe.

This is an important phenomenon that explains that the waves never interfere with each other.
All actions of the waves-disturbances are independent both in space in general, and in the space of materials, with in particular the internal space of living beings, as explained in Chapter VI, for the transfer of information through their nervous system.

This does not preclude that similar phenomena are realised in limited areas of very variable dimensions.

4.3 – Waves of space

So we know that a phenomenon exists in space: the disruption of the arrangement of electrons in the Ether of space. We cannot see these disruptions, but they are noticed by some of the senses of all living beings. We will see in chapter VI that these disturbances affect mainly touch and vision.

These senses do not allow us to understand disturbances properly, because the events are too fast and too numerous. We only perceive of them a picture that regroups, as far as our senses are concerned, the most important characteristics of these events:
— The number of events in a given period, that is to say the frequency of such events,
— The dimension of the elements, i.e., their amplitude.

This is a wave or a waves train which moves very rapidly to the end of the concerned environment.
To our senses, and to adapted material that enables us to increase our perception, the wave is characteristic of the event that formed it and lasts a more or less long time. For light, for example, this may be the time of a spark or flame of a candle, or millions or billions years of the brightness of a star.

Other events may cause waves in space at different frequencies, radio, odours, etc.

Since the 19th century, scientists have explained waves, including light waves, as analogous to the ripples on a pond when a stone is thrown in it.
So they knew that waves require a concrete environment.
The waves on the surface of a pond have never been explained. They are directly related to disturbances created in the liquid medium, by a pebble thrown into it.
The pebble slips quickly into the water of the pond and could create a vacuum of « water » if this void was not avoided by the rapid movement of a quantum of water all around, as we have explained above for the electrons of space. The elements that move to the place of potential emptiness or void are in higher number than necessary. They are turned back immediately. The phenomenon is repeated constantly.
An accumulation wave is thus created, that seems to move away, around the crashing point of the stone, always at the same speed which is that of the movement of the quantums of water in their liquid environment.

The total amount of water displaced, on a very long distance, can be much greater than the volume of the thrown stone.

It is the movement of the stone in the water, at a certain speed, which creates a wave in the pond; if it is slowly put down, the water is not disturbed, there are no wavelets. If the pond has a certain depth the stone can cause several successive waves. A handful of small stones can cause waves that we perceive as a momentary wave.

We find this function in tsunami. It is a very special event to which Japanese fishermen have given a name that means « harbour wave ». On their way home, they found their home town destroyed by a massive or very massive short-term increase of the level of the water, though the weather was calm and could not explain such a disaster.

Tsunami is a particular wave by its way of formation. During a sea or ocean earthquake, the sudden collapse of tectonic plates create in the body of water, a vacuum which cannot exist. To prevent this, the « quanta » of water all around move towards the collapsed area, and others follow to fill the new holes by their movements, and so on until the end of the ocean.
That’s how accumulations of water are formed, instantaneous, successive, similar, of the same height, which come one after the other and get away from the event, to the end of the ocean, at the speed of movements of quanta of water in their fluid medium.
The arrival of a tsunami on the coasts, even thousands miles from the starting point of the wave, is always and everywhere preceded by a slight decrease in the level of the ocean. This is the negative displacement observed by researchers of Bordeaux.

The height of the accumulation waves is the same near the scene of the collapse of tectonic plates, and at the end of the ocean, far away all around, and consequently with a displaced volume of water which is globally much larger than that of the collapsed area.
Therefore the arrival of the tsunami at the « end » of the sea stops the phenomenon due to the fact that no more quanta of matter exist that would maintain the moving accumulation.
Thus, on coasts, any provoked damage is due only to the natural sagging of the wave that is stopping and disasters are more or less massive depending on the topography of the coast and the presence of people.
Not all great waves are tsunamis, many are not, such as rogue waves and those, huge ones, created by major collapses in the ocean of glaciers or cliffs, or those formed by surface winds and sea swell. The current huge subsidence of Arctic and Antarctic polar cap ice sheets have never created a tsunami.
In July 2012, experts said they had discovered why the earthquake of magnitude 8.6, off the coast of Indonesia, on 11 April 2012, did not create the predicted tsunami. The movement of tectonic plates was supposed to have been slow and horizontal, contrary to the usual vertical movements.

In current modern physics, there is no understandable explanation of the so-called electromagnetic waves.
We find everywhere the same definition for them: it is « the spread of a perturbation producing on its passage a reversible variation of local physical properties of its medium. It moves with a certain speed which depends on the characteristics of the propagation medium. A wave carries energy without transporting any matter. « (Wikipedia French Version).
All this corresponds to the observations, but it lacks the continuation of the explanations.
The word « disturbance » can be translated as « disorder in a mechanism. » Thus, to understand the disturbance, it is necessary to know the disorder and the mechanism or environment.
« Reversible variation » of physical properties: therefore there is a real provisional modification of the « medium », which is recognisable by its « physical properties ».

This would confirm the existence of the Ether of space.

Furthermore, it is surprising that since the 18th century, particles have been considered to possess a frequency, with no indication of its nature, and without physicists considering this, until Louis de Broglie attributed to them the singularity of being both “wave” and particle at the same time. He gave no explanation of this physical phenomenon, while countless mathematical developments were leading to quantum mechanics and the theory of the Standard Model that has never shown how matter could be generated.

The wave-particle duality is used only in this physics, with unconvincing explanations, such as the metaphor of the cylinder which is nothing but a special case of the normal observation of a three dimensional object.

After Newton, different physicists, in particular, Huygens, Fresnel and Hertz, were interested in the variations of light, seen as a wave in space and in the matter of our planet. Maxwell and Lorentz have assimilated it to electromagnetic phenomena that have never been seriously analysed and explained.

Depending on the quality of the waves, especially their frequency, contact with other objects can simply make them bypass more or less obstacles; this is how waves called “radio waves” have different behaviours depending on their wavelength and the environment.
This is also the explanation of phenomena called « gravitational lenses » that can « receive » bundled information coming from an object whose wave disturbances bypass an obstacle, which in this case may be an entire galaxy.
Considering the limits of the frequency variations, we have on one hand very fast disturbances of compounds radiation at the same speed as disturbance of space. They merge to form X-rays, gamma rays and others.
On the other hand, with a minimum of disturbances, the intricacies are infrequent. This is the case of all those at the beginning of the formation of objects in nebulae, at the very low temperature of space and all modifications, not perceivable or barely perceptible in the matter constituting our planet.
At a certain frequency of electron compounds creation, in a given area ofa nebula where matter is formed, the « radio » waves could signal us with suitable receiving equipment, the beginning of the formation of protostars.

This is a possible explanation of the « background noise », discovered by Penzias and Wilson in 1964, which was utilised by the Standard Model of cosmology and designated as the « cosmic microwave background », which has no reasonable explanation.

4,4 – Wave qualities

Physicists know how to represent waves of all disturbances of space objects, and those of so-called empty space. They can establish their observation spectra.
Newton was the first scientist to use light diffusion to study different types of waves. In the following centuries, spectrometry was applied to all the waves of space and all the materials in different environments. They were distinguished by their wavelength or the frequency of their disturbances.
The researchers observed that the speed of their movement is invariable in a given environment, the « vacuum » of space for example. It is almost the same in objects, because the disturbances concern the space itself, Ether, which also exists in all objects.

Spectrography of the group of all the waves shows, in each category of disturbances and their environment, a gradation frequency from the very low (high or very high wavelengths), to very fast.
A specific part of them is considered to be light waves, and they are not different from others, but some living beings know how to use them. They have never been considered dangerous. There is no reason to think that those of the telephone could be. There are the « electric shocks » in the atmosphere too close to them that would be harmful to users of mobile phones.

Waves of space have the same behaviour everywhere, which depend only on the frequency of the disturbances.These manifestations have especially been studied for waves of light: reflection and refraction, diffusion, diffraction and absorption, but they exist for all wave types, from those at very low frequency such as radio waves, to the ultraviolet waves that mix with the particles radiations.

For all the phenomena explained above, the speed of the movement of disturbances corresponds to those of the movements of the quanta of their matter  in the matter itself. It therefore varies with this matter.
This is how human beings can recognise the quality of matter of the Earth’s crust by observing the speed of the travelling movement of a shock wave from an explosion-disturbance created in the matter to study.

For space waves, the travel speed of disturbances and those of their waves, corresponds to the speed of vibration of electrons. In the Universe, it is the only invariable speed.

In a given medium, all waves have the same amplitude, because they are always and only due to movement of medium quanta, like electrons for space: this amplitude is close to the diameter of an electron, that is to say an attometer, a millionth of a billionth of a millimetre.

This low amplitude and the extremely high speed of movement of all disturbances, allows for some overlapping or encounters of disturbances without significantly changing these disturbances.

The frequency of electron entanglements gives the frequency of intricacies of disturbances and is never regular because creations and modifications of compounds are always random.

Space objects are in a state of permanent modification with (relatively) many electron intricacies. Disturbances are therefore generally numerous in specific areas, and spread more or less over time. That is the reason why stars send, for a long time, in the space that surrounds them, perturbations due to the entanglement of electrons in their periphery, at frequencies that make them visible to us.
We receive thus those of our star, the Sun.

4,5 – The Photon

In the early 20th century, Einstein, Planck and de Broglie invent the photon, light particle, which would be simultaneously wave and particle, then scientists declare that all elementary particles – and others – have the same duality and invent the wave function which has never been explained, except by the proponents of quantum mechanics. Their explanations are difficult to understand.

As a result of these proposals, the photon, which should be the size of an electron, is manipulated, utilised without reservation by physicists, with the qualities they need.
In current physics, the photon is supposed to be created from naught – in an uninterrupted manner to provide all information that we perceive – wherever it appears to be necessary. Its qualities are not constant, with low or high energy, low mass or no mass at all. Current physicists are still discussing this mass, its possibilities of action and life span, and the reasons for its occurrence and disappearance in structures we still need to understand.
There is no explanation for their transfer to « electromagnetic waves », including light, and their use by living beings for light and images.

4,6 – Lighting, Images and Sight

Light does not exist in the Universe.

If this entity – which is not a substance – was continually manifesting itself everywhere, why and how would it move and how would our nights be possible?
For us, on Earth, space is black, out of the light “sent” by our Sun. If it was not black, our telescopes could not observe the very little light coming from remote stars.

Light is a particular phenomena known to everybody, because it is always there, around us, as if it were part of ourselves or part of the Universe…
Then, surprisingly, there is no study of its origin, the reason why it is there or the usefulness of its presence, the quality of its substance, if it has one, the way it moves and how it « brings » to us images of objects we watch.

The « Fiat Lux » of the big bang dates back from a speech of Pope Pius XII in 1954. Before that date, Georges Lemaître had explained his theory of the original atom, without mentioning particularly light, as if light existed in the Universe as a given and that it could not be otherwise… except, according to Gamow, at some particular times,  during which it would « decide » to be or not to be. Gamow did not mention it any more: light is there and that’s it.
This was the case for all scientists of earlier centuries. And for cosmologists nowadays.

Its speed is considered a fundamental constant of the Universe without explaining the reasons why this is. Its speed is constant only in a vacuum it is said, but in the « official » theory it is not well known what a vacuum in the Universe is.

Some documents indicate that Einstein gave light this character of invariable and unsurpassable speed. This does not seem right: Einstein used it because its qualities were known to him and he needed them for his theory of relativity. But neither Einstein nor previous physicists have explained why it had these qualities, in particular that of constant speed.

Living beings on Earth know how to use some phenomena of their environment to facilitate their way of living. They know how to use the waves of space in different ways that we still do not know well.
Some beings have developed tools to use those disturbance waves at very rapid frequencies. We know especially those of human beings and other organised animals. These are eyes and sight.

The sense of touch is also involved, permanently, both for individual beings equipped with organs like eyes than others, for example in the plant kingdom.

We do not perceive space disturbances separately, because their frequencies are too high, but the sensitives nervous organs of living beings are able to differentiate them according to those they receive. The informations received by our nervous system are much more precise than that given by our sight.
The information gathered by the eyes is interpreted by the nervous system and appears to us as reflexes and memory, that we use to make us images of objects, more or less detailed, without distinguishing all the information provided by the waves. We see and recognise objects that we have already seen.

In our environment on Earth, our atmosphere, electrons of the disturbances meet small compounds which absorb few of them, reflect others away, and after numerous reflections, reach our visual systems which create a particular environment called light.
The rays of what is remaining of this light, and other more direct rays, reached the objects of our immediate environment, on which they are reflected and diffused, or refracted and partially absorbed, according to the shape and the matter of objects.
These objects absorb more or less easily electrons spread by disturbances according to frequency. The light waves reaching our eyes have been modified by the objects we look at. The quality of their surface that determines the colour of the objects, due to the quality of disturbances they receive and they send back to us. The colour and shape of objects, the quality of their matter are visible by what is remaining of the “light” we receive. The remaining electrons modify, by links, small proteins of dendrites of the senses of beings who are susceptible to the phenomenon. See chapter VI.
Below a certain frequency, our eyes are no more able to perceive the “luminous” rays. Above we are dazzled, or even injured.

In case of lack or reduced “ambient” light, our eyes can perceive remote rays, according to their strength or what is remaining when they reach to us. Thus, we do not see easily a candle at the bottom of the garden, but the light of some big stars can reach us from distances greater than tens of billions light years.

The quality of the vision depends of the way the living beings are functioning. All of them have their particular way to register and interpret the parts of the objects they are looking at. Certain living beings recognise disturbances at frequencies different to those we human beings use for sight or radio. They are able to “see” their environment in their own way, and have at their disposal benchmarks invisible for us.

4,7 – Other Phenomena

Electrons of disturbances remain electrons of the Ether of space and are likely to entangle with one another. That is how under certain conditions, in the motion zone of the wave, the same phenomena can take place like elsewhere in the space void of objects.

The electrons of the waves entangle themselves with other electrons, free or already participant in compounds and objects. The disturbance disappears, absorbed for the creation or modification of a compound.
This is how the interference of light waves from distant stars gradually diminish in number. Absorption takes place as a function of frequencies; the strongest frequencies, those who show the highest number of disturbances due to a largest number of possible entanglements in a given time are absorbed first.
The remaining waves are therefore formed of frequencies which are closer to those of infra-red and thus indicate the age or distance from the source of disturbance of waves. This is the explanation of the shifting towards the red area of the spectrum of “star light”, the « redshift« . Its quality allows astronomers to calculate our distance from the source of observed light.

The disturbances formed by bounding and fusion of compounds in the centre of the stars are not “visible” for us, because their frequency is too high.
We cannot see them, therefore the matter of these objects is black for us.
We can see only the peripheral part of the stars, between the core and the areas where start the stellar winds which are going outward.
We normally call black or dark all the objects and other structures that we know exist but we cannot see because they do not create space disturbances at the frequencies forming waves called “light waves”.

That concerns practically all the space objects, except stars during their principal sequence. The duration of the succession of the different objects that follow the stars can be very long. Then, after billions or dozens of billions of years, the elements are visible to us in the nebula when the frequency of the electrons entanglements, to form and modify components have become fast enough, or slow enough, like in the end of star lives, that we consider in chapter III, in particular quasars.

Photovoltaics is a technic employed by human beings to retrieve electrons coming from disturbances of what we call light waves and turn them into electric current.
In order to achieve this, they use a variety of materials, some of which are called semiconductors. Their components have the capacity to bind relatively easily with free electrons (disturbances of space) or small compounds. Thus they include additional “constituents” of an electrical current in the « photovoltaic cell » concerned, that will be connected to an electrical network containing the using or accumulator equipment.

This phenomenon depends on the qualities of the materials used. We study it more fully in the next chapter.

We know how to create waves for our needs—radio, radar, telephones, various gadgets—by broadcasting in the space of our planet, some « electric discharges » through an antenna or another control device.

These « discharges » are the release in the free « environment », that is to say the air in our atmosphere, of (electron) compounds of a certain value, for their connection with the compounds of the environment by entanglement with the usual consequences: reduction volume of compounds and creation of disturbances in space.

The intricacies depend on the quality of the electrical current used, which can be modulated or a « bearer » of information. They move like all other waves of space, with the same speed of movement and the same « weak power ».

All the hertz waves that we use are created in this way. Technicians know how to transmit electrical signals creating waves corresponding to their particular needs.  The principle is the same for long distance communications towards satellites, for example, radar, mobile phones or gadgets that have a very short range. These disturbances and their waves are also created in special areas of optic fibres.

All areas of space, free and within objects, are permanently « disturbed » by numerous waves at various frequencies, which could, individually, be independently recognised by suitable detection equipment, which is their current use for « passive radars « .

Like all other phenomena and events in the Universe, disturbances of space, isolated or perceived as waves, have no particular purpose in the Universe, but different consequences depending on the media crossed.

They could participate  in the creation of new objects in WHIM, clouds and nebulae, increasing the frequency of electron entanglements with no need of « gravitational collapse », frequently mentioned for the creation of the stars in the nebulae.

© Philippe Dardel – October 2016