Chapter V – Air, Waternuclear Energy, ELECTRICITY

On Earth, air and water are quasi-materials whose origin and qualities are explained. The energy used by living things is not yet well understood, especially current and electrical systems.
Chapter V
Air, Water, Nuclear Energy and Electricity
5,1 – On Earth, 5.1, a – The Materials, 5.1, b – The Atmospheres, 5.1, c – The Air, 5.1, d – The water,
5.2 – Nuclear energy, 5.2, a – Theory, 5,2, b – Current nuclear energy, 5,2, c – Nuclear power plant,
5.3 – Electricity
5.3, a – Theory with Electronics, 5,3, b – Theory and Practice

September 2017

5.1 – On the Earth

5.1, a – The Matters

Warning

Since the publication of this paragraph in October 2016, we have discovered new phenomena which complement our theory of Élec-tronicisme

These include prematter, envelopes around mineral organisms and the similar functioning of space rays, electricity on Earth and information transfers between organs and organisms of minerals and. those of living beings. We study them in other chapters.

Numerous and difficult complementary research is necessary. They will take a long time and may lead to the modification of several chapters of our study.

In this publication, in September 2017, we are only slightly modifying our 2016 text for Materials but completely for electricity at the end of the chapter.

The material of our Earth was formed during the creation of the solar system, 4.8 billion years ago, in a nebula. In this structure, the prematter was developed for the creation of more or less important compounds, starting from the electrons of the ether and the remains of the preceding stars. The formation of the prematter and the acretion of these elements around a proto-star had lasted a certain number of billions of years. All the atoms and molecules of the different massifs of material existed at the time of the differentiation between our star and its small planets.

Since then, there has never been a creation of new atoms in the Earth, and matter has changed little.

The quantum effect and the radiations in the objects of space, have an important action only in the premoder.

The observations of the astrophysicists show us that, although the same rules are applied everywhere, the billions of billions of objects that exist and are created permanently in space are all made up of different materials, probably with atoms and other varied compounds whose existence and forms we can not imagine …

Certain peculiarities are determined by the zones of the nebulae in which they are formed and where they exist and evolve, and then are renewed.

Our understanding of the matters essentially depends on how we see it. It is we, the human beings, who differentiate them and call exotic all the elements of constituted matter that we do not yet know. We can think that those of our galaxy or our nebula have common qualities, whereas in other clusters of stars, close or distant, we would form elements that we can not imagine and from which sometimes comes a ray called cosmic…

On Earth and in all objects at medium temperature, matter is said to be constituted, and would represent less than one percent of all that is called matter in the observable Universe. This constituted material exists only during a relatively short period of the life of the objects of space.

With our scales of value, we can distinguish different situations.

1 – « Cold » media with a temperature of less than 200 kelvins approximately. It is mainly space, nebulae and other objects, little or not visible to us. We do not know their values ​​or quantities at all, or we simply do not know if they exist.

2 – The zones moderated for us, living beings, where we live and we have developed in a certain thermal agitation – which we call heat – between 200 and 2000 kelvins approximately.

3 – Mediums with a higher thermal agitation, in continual increase in objects, like our Sun. Gravity also increases.

At some levels of heat and gravity, important compounds are created. The materials are plasmas that do not have the tangible reality that we know on our planet.

The material constituted of atoms and molecules, as we know it on Earth and other planets, exists only in a very short period of the life of objects of space, between the cold of the relative emptiness of space and the brilliant warmth of the stars.

But we can think that it has great importance for us!

5.1, b – Atmospheres

The atmosphere of stars and planets corresponds to the gravitational clouds of objects. Particle winds are created as a function of the activity of the central object.

They are made up of small, varied compounds and their peculiarities depend on the permanent movements and modifications in the materials, forming the gravity of the objects. All the radiations of matter at the limit of these objects form their atmospheres.

Physicists know that gravity on and around the Earth varies with the qualities of materials near the place of measurement.

September 2017: What we call the radiation of matter are to be studied with the prematter.

The shape of the gravitational system of our star depends on the winds of particles around other large objects in the galaxy. Many other stellar systems exist.

The « spots » of the Sun, and all its granulations, correspond to particular gravitational environments, different from the complete one of the star. All events in these spots change locally the stellar winds with rapid repercussions on the winds and the climate of the planets, throughout the solar system, and elsewhere in the galaxy.

In the current state of our study of electronics (September 2017), we consider the stars as mineral organisms (OisM) and their atmosphere composed of excessively numerous mineral organelles (OM) which all have actions on each others.

5.1, c – The Air

The air of our atmosphere corresponds to the « particle winds » and small very varied compounds, corresponding to small organs or organisms, surrounded by envelopes undetectable (currently) for us. These structures change constantly.

Their study is to be carried out.

The atmosphere would thus be an in-constituted matter of a peculiar quality, existing in variable quantities throughout the gravitational environment of the Earth, to the magnetosphere, including, without our being surprised, in all the interstices of matter solid from our sphere, to the interior of all the deep mines or galleries, including the chimneys of the deep seabed. The air always has the same composition, although oxygen and nitrogen act in the matter which seems to contain them.

Like the other gravitational clouds around all the objects in space, the « planetary » winds are a mixture of atoms, reduced to their nuclei, and other small, very varied compounds, all of which would be small « OMs » of quality and variability (see « Electricity » later in this chapter).

The influence of the « sunspots » is transmitted to us by our atmosphere and that of the Sun.

Pollution in certain areas of the atmosphere, for example by soot or ozone, is not displaced by currents in the lower atmosphere, but by « planetary » winds that affect the entire gravitational field of the Earth, influenced permanently by the solar winds.

5.1, d – Water

In our planet, and all the objects of our solar system, another important quasi-matter is to be considered differently from the so-called constituted matter. This is water.

It exists mainly in liquid state.

It is present everywhere, on our planet, in more or less important quantities, especially in the form of vapor in the « solid » matter and in the air. Water vapor is not a gas, but a burst of liquid water into fine droplets, which can not be transformed into gas without dissociating their components.

It dissolves products without incorporating them and can dissociate into its components without modifying them.

Water fills the oceans, which represent 71% of the surface of the globe, but only 0.23% of its volume, because we know it only in the outer crust.

Early in 2014, scientists discovered that there would be an « ocean » in the mantle of our planet between 400 and 600 kilometers deep.

It is not present in nebulae. But it exists, some billion years later in the matter of the planets. It thus appears at a certain stage, between the accretions of compounds in nebulae and the formation of planets.

Its creation

It appears as an almost tangible manifestation of the prematurity, that is to say, the creation of the materials of objects in the nebulae, and then their transformation and evolution into millions or billions of objects of space.

The prematter creates compounds of great importance and quality very varied, in the « zone » of time and space, between the attometric level of the electrons and and that of almost nanoscale molecules.

In some cases, the rays of space and the quantum effect form massives (OisM) (mineral organisms) of almost similar materials.

This could be the case for massives of easily fissile radioactive material.

OisMs are scattered in areas of the nebula where they are created and then displaced and by chance can be incorporated into stellar system in formation. Then the different objects take their normal life with steady increase in thermal agitation.

The temperature of the mass of the objects increases, causing the destruction of certain bonds in the materials and especially the molecules, formed of heavy atoms. They are easily fissile. Protons are released into matter and into the atmosphere. Some of the free protons act as hydrogen nuclei, and bind to oxygen atoms present in the air. They form water vapor, water molecules that seem to be independent of each other, despite the molecular bonds that create solid, liquid or quasi-steam « massive water » from one to the other state as a function of temperature.

In many millions of years a large part of the masses of easily fissile material of the planets is thus transformed into water. These are mainly the massifs located in the outer part of the Earth’s crust .

This phenomenon continues throughout the life of the planet, depending on the outside temperature, and more particularly in the vicinity, or in the uraniferous massives. Easily fissile materials (radioactive) inside the planet can also be transformed into water.

It is probably in this way that the immense underground aquifers of pure water discovered in recent years, particularly in Canada and parts of Africa, have been created.

High temperature hydrothermal seabed sources could correspond to water formation from massifs of easily fissile materials near volcanic structures in shallow seabed chains.

There is, at some depth in our planet, an important « ocean » whose creation could be linked to the temperature of the planet.

The current increase in the global temperature of the Earth would result in the creation of near water vapor in all areas where massives of fissile material exist and an increase in the overall volume of « atmospheric rivers ».

Meteorologists call water vapor bands evolving between one and ten kilometers of altitude in the troposphere. They are very moving and can be several thousand kilometers long. They could be fueled by permanent transformations of fissile material.

They sometimes cause very heavy rains with exceptional floods, anywhere in the world.

Quasi matter

Water thus forms a quasi-matter that exists in the other quasi-matter of the planet, the air of its atmosphere.

We can consider that the water is dissolved in the air, with very important variations of the concentrations due to the difference of gravity. This allows the formation of « massifs » of this quasi-material, in the air.

It exists mainly in the liquid state, with particular bonds between its molecules. It thus forms a uniform material, the density of which is higher than that of air. It then fills the lower parts of the structure of the planet, and sinks under its own weight.

Water vapor exists permanently with or without the presence of liquid water. The transition from one state to another is easy. It is always related to the relative temperature and the state of the surrounding air.

It « easily evaporates » at the whim of the winds of the Earth.

It has a great importance in all the meteorological phenomena.

Its peculiarities

Water can be rapidly heated only in a container which limits the dispersion of its elements. The additional heat agitation comes from the outside and increases the relative displacements of all its elements, water and air.

Despite the increase in temperature, the relative density of the air and water compounds does not change. In increasing thermal agitation, the elements of the air are removed into the atmosphere, which is only achieved in a rather complicated process, because of the permanent presence of the air.

Boiled water, cooled without movement, has not the same taste as running water, because it contains little air.

This also explains the variations in boiling temperature with the pressure.

At markedly higher temperatures, the bonds in the water molecules are destroyed, and the gases, hydrogen and oxygen are released into the air where they already exist.

Which explains :

Effect Mtembo. It is a fact observed (and used by cooks!): Hot water freezes faster than cold water, when brought into contact with the cold. In the warmest water, the elements are mixed with more air, allowing a change in the thermal agitation, faster than in the water elements, packed on top of each other.

Supercooling.

It is due to the same phenomenon and would be destroyed as soon as a movement of water modifies the arrangement of the molecules, water and air, next to each other.

For the cold, the situation is similar. Because of the significant difference in density between water and air, all temperature variations in the air-water environment have immediate consequences, even if these variations are not very large.

The cold reaches the material when the thermal agitation decreases, that is to say the displacement of the elements from one compound to another. At a certain value, the water mass changes its status and becomes solid. This change concerns only water. Most of the air around the water molecules remains very free even if it still supports a certain amount of water vapor.

At low temperatures in the atmosphere, the cold moves from the open air, outward, to the water, first reaching the surface particles that are lighter than those at depth.

This is why ice is first formed on the surface, and since the frozen molecules contain a certain amount of air, they are lighter than those at depth, and the ice remains on the surface.

That is also why they occupy a larger volume. This is found in closed containers, piping, in particular. This could be due to the fact that molecules that move more, vibrate side by side, occupying their full natural volume, like free electrons in ether.

Formation of rain, snow and hail in the clouds of the atmosphere. It depends on the relative temperature of the water vapor, more or less important in the movements of air. The frequent surfacing of the water vapor in the clouds is destroyed by different air movements.

External elements, primers or nuclei of condensation, are not useful to trigger these manifestations in the clouds:

Air pollution over cities around the world turns smog into smog, not rain.

In many countries, for several decades, trials of products dispersed in the clouds to avoid hail and to cause rain have never produced convincing results.

5.2 – Nuclear Energy

5.2, a – Theory

The current exploitation of so-called nuclear energy is based on observations made in the mid-twentieth century. They appeared to show that the fission of the nuclei of radioactive material produced heat. The operation would give elements with lighter nuclei, more or less radioactive and heat, the quantity of which was estimated with the aid of formulas like that of Einstein, E = Mc2, very approximate.

All phenomena are now explained with early twentieth century physics, mixing the « chemistry » of the Mendeleiw array elements, and the protons and neutron equations manipulated with different forces of the Standard Particle Model and quantum mechanics.

Observations appear to be misinterpreted, because it is difficult to determine whether heat results:

– the breakdown of the atoms of radioactive materials, as interpreted by current physicists, or:

– of the creation, immediately after, – almost at the same time – of new compounds with the elements coming from this break.

In ordinary chemistry on Earth, changes and destructions of compounds are difficult, if not impossible, and are always endothermic.

All connections are indestructible, in a medium-temperature environment such as we currently have on Earth.

A relative increase in heat can help to break down the gravitational bonds.

All syntheses or chemical compositions are exothermic.

During the creation of our planet, many massifs of easily fissile material (created in the prematter) have been incorporated, as explained in Chapter III.

Subsequently, some are degraded with an increase in thermal agitation of the environment which destroys gravitational bonds, and then continues as explained below for nuclear power plants.

Everywhere on our planet, we realize, without stopping, the disintegrations that are sensitive to us by the radon gas.

Others have created water, as explained in paragraph 5.1 here-above.

A few, on the surface of our planet, are exploited for our so-called nuclear energy.

In mines, the uranium-bearing material containing elements that are readily fissile in very small quantities is concentrated in uranium and then transported as « Yellow Cake » to the centers of use.

5.2, b – Current Nuclear Energy

In the « nuclear power stations », the operation begins with the preparation, starting from the yellow concentrate, of « fuel » bars, adapted to the needs and equipment.

For operation, these bars are lowered into tanks filled with water (pressurized or not) where they come into contact with neutrons and small free compounds, OM and OisM, existing in water and air tank.

Bonds occur immediately between electrons of compounds from neutrons, and free compounds in the tank.

They cause a first increase in the thermal agitation which triggers all the operation.

We have seen in Chapter III that the formation of compounds, by bonding similar or different atoms, releases part of the gravitational clouds of the elements which group together: the gravitational clouds of the compounds are always weaker than the sum of those of their components.

Water is certainly formed, but its existence is difficult to control because everything happens in a vat of more or less pure water.

This thermal agitation is a contribution of « charges » to the heavy elements which have been « broken », in 2 (or 3) important pieces and many small ones.

The released compounds, and those of the other OMs in the tank, immediately bind with free or non-fuel elements, creating new compounds that form radioactive (undesirable) by-products and cause a second and sharp increase in thermal agitation.

It was the production of heat, which was sought after.

It is transported to non-nuclear areas of the plant and used for mechanical movements that drive electrical generators. See section 5.3, below, concerning electricity.

According to these explanations, heat is therefore not produced by the fission of heavy atoms, but by the links, just after, to create or modify compounds.

5,2,c – Nuclear (and thermal) power station

At present, all thermal (combustion) and nuclear power plants operate on the same principle:

  1. Carry out one or more chemical syntheses of elements to create heat, also forming usable or undesirable by-products.
  2. This heat is transformed into mechanical movements,
  3. To run a generator,
  4. And pick up the « elctrical charges » from the air to put them in electrical systems.

Efforts should be made to eliminate Phases 2 and 3 by creating in phase 1 molecules of products that are not (too) undesirable and free compounds, or « electric charges, » directly in electrical systems.

Are there any solutions to be found in our study below of electricity?

5.3 – The Electricity

5.3, a – Theory with Electronics

We define electricity as being the ability for all free compounds to bind to others.

Men on Earth have made it a usable energy at will, wherever they need it.

It probably exists only in the matter of our Earth. It is created and used only by human beings, employing certain rules of the physics of the Universe.

There are no electrical charges, which would be compounds dedicated solely to electricity. On Earth, within limits set by their use, all free compounds can be used for electricity.

The term « electrical charge » and still used in our study.

The electrical current which would be composed of these charges does not exist either materially.

The term. is a practical job for all technicians.

The phenomenon « electricity » is realized in particular zones well delimited which put the tool close to its use. These are all electrical systems of varying excessive importance, – from transistor to international transport networks, space rays, etc. – They are (electrically) completely isolated, or as best as possible, from space and matter surrounding.

For its operation, electricity uses free natural compounds, present everywhere in the materials and especially in the atmosphere of our planet and all other objects in the nebulae.

All these free compounds, surrounded by an envelope undetectable to us, are organs and organisms called minerals, comparable to the structures of the organic matter of living beings.

In the atmosphere of our planet, these mineral organs (OM) are of very varied importance, permanently modified by the contact between them, according to the modifications of the environment, in particular the atmosphere.

When necessary, they are collected by electric generators adapted to the intended use. Then reintroduced into the atmosphere after use by electricity.

Electrical systems (Syel) always include one or more « supplier » sites and one or more « user » sites.

A system (Syel) is put into service when a supplier site (Sf) is connected,

and works when a user site (Su) is also linked to it.

  • The use is regulated by the user site which is adapted to the intended use.
  • When the Su is connected, bonds are realized between Su compounds and any other elements existing in the Syel.
  • As we explain in Chapter IV, in the study of the creation of the rays of space, a ray is formed immediately bearing a complete information of the quality of the new compound created
  • This ray, considered as a « mineral protein » (Pm), is diffused immediately into the internal space of the Syel.
  • At the same time, the action demanded by the Su (light, mechanical work, telecommunications, etc.) takes place. With the creation of new elements which we do not take into account here. (With histhérèse often noticed in small systemrs).

The compound used is « released » into the atmosphere.

  • In the supplier site, the Pm binds to a compound (electrical charge) of the Sf, at random but according to the information received, creating another Pm, recognized by the and if user.
  • A Pm-information «shuttle» is created and maintains itself between the two sites, user and supplier, at a speed close to that of light. Variations in both sites can be guided by use.

. At the same time, Sf creates compounds that are released into the atmosphere without any particular use.

  • The whole phenomenon is very precise and resembles the creation of the rays of space and the transfer of information in the internal space of the organs and organisms of living beings.

It is a remarkable homogeneity between the different systems or phenomena of the Universe.

5,3, b – Theory and Practice

Our theory is relatively new and we have not yet sufficiently studied its practical application.

It is to be understood with all current research in superconductivity, topological materials and other promising compounds of carbon, silica and others, minerals or organic, for the practical realization of systems and materials. Study in the prematter seems indispensable.

There may be a need to further study the use of electricity where free compounds are available as electrical charges in the atmosphere and materials.

Photovoltaic

Our theoretical explanation shows that, in this technique, the supplied loads (« light » waves of space) do not always correspond to the needs of the user tool.

See if the use of photovoltaic would be improved with the permanent use of a battery adapted to frequencies of light, rather than needs of use.

Electronic Components, Diode …

The « gain » in transistors, diodes and many other electronic components are explained by the basic phenomena of electricity in electrical systems made up of the component itself, and the balancing of entropy in all concerned areas.

Could these  areas be increased?

September 2017